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Genetic variants of Helicobacter pylori type IV secretion system components CagL and CagI and their association with clinical outcomes

Abstract

Background:Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with risk for chronic gastritis (CG), gastric ulcer (GU), duodenal ulcer (DU), and gastric cancer (GC). The H. pylori Cag type IV secretion system (TFSS) translocates the virulence factor cytotoxin-associated gene A protein into host cells and plays an important role in initiating gastric carcinogenesis. The CagL and CagI proteins are components of the TFSS. The Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif of CagL, and the six most distal C-terminal amino acids (Ser-Lys-Ile-Ile-Val-Lys, and Ser-Lys-Val-Ile-Val-Lys) of CagL and CagI are essential for TFSS adhe-sion to host cells. Additionally, the CagL variant Tyr58Glu59 was previously shown to be associated with GC patients.Results: We isolated 43 H. pylori isolates from 17 CG, 8 GU, 8 DU, and 10 GC patients in Southeast Asia. Total DNAs were extracted and sequenced with MiSeq. H. pylori strain ATCC 26695, which was isolated from CG patients, was used as a reference. We examined the full sequences of H. pylori cagL and cagI using whole-genome sequencing (WGS), and analyzed whether single nucleotide variants and amino acid changes (AACs) correlated with adverse clinical outcomes. Three isolates were excluded from the analysis due to cagPAI rearrangements. CagL RGD motifs were conserved in 39 isolates (97.5%). CagL-Glu59 and Ile234 in the C-terminal motif were more common in 10 H. pyloriisolates from GC patients (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). When 5 Vietnamese isolates from GC patients were excluded, CagL-Glu59 still remains significant (p < 0.05), but not Ile234. CagL-Tyr58 was seen in only one isolate. The CagI C-terminal motif was completely conserved across all 40 isolates, and there were no significant AACs in CagI.Conclusions: Using WGS, we analyzed genetic variants in clinical H. pylori isolates and identified putative novel and candidate variants in uncharacterized CagL and CagI sequences that are related to gastric carcinogenesis. In particu-lar, CagL-Glu59 has the possible association with GC.

Journal

  • Gut Pathogens

    Gut Pathogens 9 21-, 2017-04-21

    BMC (part of Springer Nature)

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