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A CROSS-CULTUTAL STUDY OF THE CONCEPT OF "INTELLIGENT PERSON" : Comparative study on the factor structures among six cultures

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Other Title
  • 「頭の良い人」の属性に関する比較文化的研究 : 6か国の「頭の良さ」の因子構造比較
  • 「頭の良い人」の属性に関する比較文化的研究--6か国の「頭のよさ」の因子構造比較
  • アタマ ノ ヨイ ヒト ノ ゾクセイ ニ カンスル ヒカク ブンカテキ ケンキ

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The purpose of this study was to clarify (1) people's concept of intelligence in the following six cultures : Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan, Canada and Mexico ; and (2) the difference between the three following Japanese concepts : 'atamanoyoi', 'rikouna', 'kashikoi', which express "intelligent" in Japanese. The results were as follows : 1)Five-factor solution was found to be valid. They were named "sympathy and sociability", "inter-personal competence", "ability to comprehend and process knowledge", "accurate and quick decision making", and "ability to express oneself" ; 2)The factorstructures of Japan, Korea, China and Taiwan were similar to each other, but dissimilar to those of Canada and Mexico ; 3)The patterns of the correlations among the five factors were rather similar, while the variances of the factors were different between the nations concerned ; 4)The concept of 'kashikoi' was different from that of 'atamanoyoi' in that 'kashikoi' implied sociability together with cognitive ability.


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