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Exploring deuterium beam operation and the behavior of the co-extracted electron current in a negative-ion-based neutral beam injector

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Abstract

The achievements of the deuterium beam operation of a negative-ion-based neutral beam injector (N-NBI) in the large helical device (LHD) are reported. In beam operation in LHD-NBIs, both hydrogen (H) and deuterium (D) neutral beams were generated by changing the operation gas using the same accelerator. The maximum accelerated deuterium negative-ion current () reaches 46.2 A from two beam sources with the averaged current density being 190 A m−2 for 2 s, and the extracted electron to accelerated ion current ratio () increases to 0.39 using 5.6 V high bias voltage in the first deuterium operation in 2017. An increase of electron density in the vicinity of the plasma grid (PG) surface, which is considered the main reason for the increase of co-extracted electrons in a beam, is confirmed by the half-size research negative-ion source in the neutral beam test stand at the National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS). The deuterium negative-ion density is also larger than the hydrogen negative-ion density in the vicinity of the PG surface using the same discharge conditions. In the latest experimental campaign in 2018, increases to 55.4 A with the averaged current density being 233 A m−2 for 1.5 s using the shot extraction gap length. The low of 0.31 can be maintained by using high discharge power. The various parameters mentioned above are defined in detail below.

source:Ikeda K, Tsumori K, Nakano H, Kisaki M, Nagaoka K, Kamio S, Fujiwara Y, Haba Y and Osakabe M 2019 Exploring deuterium beam operation and the behavior of the co-extracted electron current in a negative-ion-based neutral beam injector Nuclear Fusion 59 076009.

source:https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/ab0fca

identifier:0000-0001-9781-231X

Journal

  • Nuclear Fusion

    Nuclear Fusion 59 (7), 076009-, 2019-05-24

    IOP Publishing

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