Long-Term Outcomes of Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Trigeminal, Facial, and Jugular Foramen Schwannoma in Comparison with Vestibular Schwannoma
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is known to provide excellent tumor control with functional preservation for vestibular schwannomas (VS), but its efficacy in the other major intracranial schwannomas including trigeminal (TS), facial (FS), and jugular foramen schwannomas (JFS) has not been established yet due to their rarity. We retrospectively analyzed data of 514 consecutive patients who had intracranial schwannomas (460 VS, 22 TS, 7 FS, and 25 JFS) and underwent SRS. The 5- and 10-year tumor control rates were 97% and 94% for VS, 100% and 100% for TS, 80% and 80% for FS, and 100% and 80% for JFS. Radiation-induced complications included one hydrocephalus for TS (4.5%), no cases for FS (0%), and one hydrocephalus and one lower palsy for JFS (8.0%). Through matched cohort analysis between patients with VS and each of the non-VS, we found no statistical difference in tumor control and radiation-induced adverse events. SRS seems to provide long-term tumor control with functional preservation for TS, FS and JFS and the efficacies are similar to VS.
Cancers 13 (5), 1140-, 2021-03