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Central administration of insulin-like growth factor-2 suppresses food intake in chicks

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Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-2 is a multifunctional hormone with structural and functional similarity to IGF-1 in mammals and chickens. We previously showed that intracerebroventricular administration of IGF-1 suppresses food intake in chicks. Also, central administration of IGF-2 suppresses food intake in rats. In the present study, we evaluated whether IGF-2 is involved in the regulation of food intake in chicks. We also examined the effects of fasting on the mRNA levels of IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the liver and hypothalamus, because IGFBPs bind IGF-1 and -2 in plasma and block their binding to the receptors, and locally expressed IGFBPs also influence IGFs binding to the receptors in mammals. Intracerebroventricular administration of IGF-2 significantly suppressed food intake in chicks. The mRNA levels of IGFBPs in the hypothalamus were not affected by six hours of fasting. On the other hand, six hours of fasting markedly increased the mRNA levels of hepatic IGFBP-1 and -2 (5.47- and 6.95-fold, respectively). The mRNA levels of IGFBP-3 were also significantly increased (1.36-fold) by six hours of fasting, whereas the mRNA levels of IGF-2, IGFBP-4, and -5 were unchanged. These findings suggest that circulating IGF-2 may be involved in satiety signals, but its physiological role may be regulated by IGFBPs production in the liver in chicks.

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