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Factors Influencing the Level of Community Participation : A Case Study of Community Action Planning (CAP) in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that affected the level of community participation, within a case of Community Action Planning (CAP) in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. CAP was introduced as a public participation reconstruction and rehabilitation process after the 2006 earthquake. Community perceptions for CAP implementation were collected by questionnaires. The questionnaires were distributed in the CAP locations of Karang Anyar, Purbayan, and Pandeyan. The survey was conducted from July 21 to August 24, 2008 and consisted of 55, 59, and 58 respondents of Karang Anyar, Purbayan, and Pandeyan, respectively.This paper performed a Two-step Cluster Analysis and Ordinal Regression. Two-step Cluster Analysis is used to obtain the categorical variables of the community participation level, while the Ordinal Regression is used to obtain the factors that influence the level of community participation. The study reveals that there are five factors contributing to the level of community participation associated with personal attributes, community attitudes, and circumstances of CAP. The five factors are the 1) age of participants, 2) occurrence of transferring knowledge from NGOs to the community, 3) community response to rising ideas, 4) gap among the community in interactions and communication in the initial phase of CAP, and 5) occurrence of better social cohesion, interaction, and communication of community during CAP.

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