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The relation of apology and affection under social predicaments

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  • 社会的苦境における謝罪の評価と加害者・被害者の感情
  • シャカイテキ クキョウ ニ オケル シャザイ ノ ヒョウカ ト カガイシャ ヒ

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Abstract

The effects of apology and the changes of affection under four types of social predicaments were examined by canonical correlation analysis. Subjects were asked to imagine themselves as the harm-doer and the victim in one of four scenarios that were designed with combinations of high and low levels of the harm-doer's responsibility and the victim's damage. The findings were as follows: (1) a small number of apology components were used when the victim's damage was severe; (2) social predicaments were generally unpleasant, because the harm-doer and/or the victim felt aggressive affections (disgust, anger and hatred) in every situation; (3) apologies had positive and negative effects on the affection of the harm-doer and victim according to the difference of social predicaments.

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