[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

The Effects of Different Reading Goals on the Writing of Third-Year Junior-High School Students

  • KATSUTA Hikaru
    University of Tsukuba Comprehensive Human Sciences JSPS Research Fellow

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Other Title
  • 読みの目標の違いが中学3年生の文章産出に与える影響
  • ヨミ ノ モクヒョウ ノ チガイ ガ チュウガク 3ネンセイ ノ ブンショウ サンシュツ ニ アタエル エイキョウ

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<p>This study seeks to identify whether the purpose of reading effects student writing; where the purpose for one group is to create a new story based on the Japanese story of Urashima Taro while the objective for another group is to both broaden and deepen their interpretations of Urashima Taro. The two groups both consisted of students attending a public school and students attending a school affiliated with a national university, and were, thus, the same apart from having different purposes and writing activities. Text mining analyses identified three key differences. The group assigned to create a new story (1) used a greater number of descriptive words, (2) exhibited greater overall variation in their word choices, and (3) used more words that were not present within the textbook containing the original story. These findings indicate that the group assigned with creating a new story tended to provide better quality responses than the group assigned to broaden and deepen their interpretations of Urashima Taro. Accordingly, it is possible to conclude that the students responded differently to the reading objectives and that had a significant impact on their writing.</p>


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