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Development and Validation of Japanese Version of Effortful Control Scale for Adults

  • Yamagata Shinji
    Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
  • Takahashi Yusuke
    Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
  • Shigemasu Kazuo
    Department of Cognitive and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo
  • Ono Yutaka
    Health Center, Keio University
  • Kijima Nobuhiko
    Psychological Laboratory, Keio University

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • 成人用エフォートフル・コントロール尺度日本語版の作成とその信頼性・妥当性の検討
  • セイジンヨウ エフォートフル コントロール シャクド ニホンゴバン ノ サクセイ ト ソノ シンライセイ ダトウセイ ノ ケントウ
  • Development and validation of the Japanese version of the Effortful Control Scale for adults

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Abstract

This study developed Japanese version of Effortful Control (EC) scale for adults, and examined its reliability and validity. In Study 1, a questionnaire survey of 209 college and vocational school students showed sufficient internal consistency and test-retest reliability for the scale. Its correlational validity was also shown in terms of the relationships with novelty seeking, harm avoidance, Five-Factor personality dimensions, depressive mood, and state anxiety. Study 2 was conducted to show that the EC scale measured not only self-concept but also actual executive attention function. Forty-seven undergraduates who participated in Study 1 performed a Stroop task, and the relation between magnitude of interference effect and EC scale score was examined. The EC scale as well as its two subscales was negatively correlated with the magnitude, indicating criterion-related validity of the scale.

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