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Investigating positive attitudes towards terminal patients among nursing students:using the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of Dying Scale, Form B, Japanese version;effects of palliative care lectures and experience with death and terminal care

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  • 看護学生向け緩和ケアの講義による終末期患者に対する態度育成の効果―FATCOD FormB-Jを用いた講義前後の比較―

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Abstract

The present study aimed to clarify whether positive attitudes towards terminal patients among nursing students are a)promoted by palliative care lectures, and b)more prevalent among students with experience with a relative’s death or being present during their final moments. A survey was conducted using the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of Dying Scale, Form B, Japanese version, and scores were compared for pre- and post-palliative care lectures and experience of being present during someone’s dying moments. Responses were obtained from 69 students. Scores for positivity toward care for terminal patients and awareness of patient- and family-centered care were significantly higher after the lectures(p<0.0001). No significant difference was observed between scores based on whether they had experience of being present during someone’s dying moments however, scores tended to be higher for students with these experiences. The present findings suggest that palliative care lectures including content related to terminal care are useful for promoting positive attitudes towards terminal patients among nursing students.

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