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Association between smoking prevention education for elementary and junior high school students and modification of their parents' smoking behavior<br>- Can children's talk change parents' behavior?

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  • 小中学生への喫煙予防教育と父母の行動変容との関連<br>─ 子供の言葉は親を変えるか
  • 小中学生への喫煙予防教育と父母の行動変容との関連 : 子供の言葉は親を変えるか
  • ショウチュウガクセイ エ ノ キツエン ヨボウ キョウイク ト チチハハ ノ コウドウ ヘンヨウ ト ノ カンレン : コドモ ノ コトバ ワ オヤ オ カエル カ

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Abstract

Association between smoking prevention education for elementary and junior high school students and the modification of their parents' smoking behavior — Can child education change parental behavior?<br>Introduction : This study aimed to investigate an association between a smoking prevention education program for elementary and junior high school students, and the subsequent behavior modifications of their parents.<br>Methods : Preventative education programs for smoking were provided to four elementary and three junior high schools in Kamisu City, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. We encouraged participating students to discuss the knowledge derived from the education sessions with their families. One month after completing the program, questionnaires were distributed to the parents of the students to investigate whether they had modified their smoking behavior as a result of what they had learnt from their children.<br>Results : Two questionnaires were distributed to each of 1109 families, and 1427 valid responses were received. Analysis showed that 794 parents had been informed about tobacco use from their children (55.6%) and 271 parents had modified their smoking behavior (19.0%) as a consequence. This included smoking cessation, decreasing tobacco consumption, and smoking avoidance in the presence of their children. Behavior modification was significantly correlated with the knowledge they had derived from their children based on the preventative smoking education program (odds ratio = 3.3 ; 95% CI : 2.4-4.6).<br>Conclusion : Implementation of an education program for smoking prevention focused on elementary and junior high school students can lead to modification of smoking behavior in both students and their parents, respectively.

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