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Development of the Senior-junior Relationship Scale in University Athletic Clubs

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Other Title
  • <b>大学の運動部活動における先輩後輩関係尺度の開発</b>
  • 大学の運動部活動における先輩後輩関係尺度の開発 : 学年、性別、部の諸特性の違いにみる特徴の検討
  • ダイガク ノ ウンドウブ カツドウ ニ オケル センパイ コウハイ カンケイ シャクド ノ カイハツ : ガクネン 、 セイベツ 、 ブ ノ ショ トクセイ ノ チガイ ニ ミル トクチョウ ノ ケントウ
  • ―学年、性別、部の諸特性の違いにみる特徴の検討―
  • ― Considerations of the Feature Seen in the Difference Regarding the Grade, Gender and Various Club Characteristics ―

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Abstract

Due to athletic clubs that include members of different grades, the existence of senior-junior relationships may be regarded as an organizational characteristic. In contemplating the state of athletic clubs, although the importance of such senior-junior relationships has often been indicated, little empirical research thereon has been conducted thus far. <br>Thus, in this article, the purpose is to develop of the scale for measuring senior-junior relationship in university athletic clubs and how such relationships differ according to the grade, gender and various club characteristics. The research was conducted by means of a questionnaire survey on 1,502 sports club members nationwide.<br>As a result, the following points were clarified:<br>1) As a result of developing a “senior-junior relationship scale in university athletic clubs,” the juniorsenior relationships in university athletic clubs were found to consist of 4 factors, namely “dominance and subordination,” “fellowship,” “leadership and followership,” and “partnership.” <br>2) In senior-junior relationships, there were varying degrees of cognition according to the grade. In addition, different characteristics were seen according to the gender; for example, female members had a higher degree of “dominance and subordination,” while male members had a higher degree of “fellowship. <br>3) As a result of considering differences according to the characteristics of the club, it was clarified that clubs with a high level of competition, clubs with team competition and traditional clubs which have been in existence since the pre-war Showa Period, scored higher for each factor in the senior-junior relationship scale.

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