[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

Effects of experiencing positive and negative events on stress responses, school refusal, and self-efficacy of junior high school students

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  • 中学生のネガティブおよびポジティブな出来事の経験がストレス反応,学校ぎらい感情,学校での自己効力感に及ぼす影響
  • チュウガクセイ ノ ネガティブ オヨビ ポジティブ ナ デキゴト ノ ケイケン ガ ストレス ハンノウ,ガッコウギライ カンジョウ,ガッコウ デ ノ ジコ コウリョクカン ニ オヨボス エイキョウ

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<p>Effects of positive and/or negative events experienced in junior high school on mental health and school maladaptation of students were investigated. Junior high school students (N=218) from first to third grade completed scales assessing school stressors, daily uplifts in school, stress responses, unwillingness to attend school, and self-efficacy for school life. Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that school stressors increased stress responses and unwillingness to attend school, or decreased self-efficacy for school life, whereas school uplifts decreased stress responses and unwillingness to attend school, or increased self-efficacy. Results of cluster analysis suggested that event patterns experienced by students could be classified into three types: (1) Average stressors and low uplifts; (2) high stressors and average uplifts; and (3) low stressors and high uplifts. Moreover, an analysis of variance indicated that students in the third cluster, compared to students in first two clusters had higher self-efficacy for school life, lower stress responses, and less unwillingness to attend school.</p>


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