An Examination of Interviews with Native Japanese Speakers Outside of the Classroom

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Other Title
  • 学外での日本語母語話者へのインタビュー活動に関する一考察
  • 学外での日本語母語話者へのインタビュー活動に関する一考察 : 学習者の不安とその変化を中心に
  • ガク ガイ デ ノ ニホンゴ ボゴワシャ エ ノ インタビュー カツドウ ニ カンスル イチ コウサツ : ガクシュウシャ ノ フアン ト ソノ ヘンカ オ チュウシン ニ
  • ――学習者の不安とその変化を中心に――
  • Focusing on Changes in Student Anxieties

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<p>This paper clarifies changes in and varieties of learners' anxieties about performing out-of class interview tasks with native speakers. The subjects were 144 students who were taking intermediate Japanese language courses at a university in Japan. The results of comparing learners' anxiety before and after an interview showed that it significantly fell for six items. From the results of a factor analysis, the single factor "anxiety in interviews" was extracted, and it was seen that the amount of anxiety for this factor differed based on the subject's gender and the amount of time that they spent speaking Japanese outside of the classroom. Furthermore, the following were examined as factors influencing how anxiety changes: (1) native speaker's language use, (2) the existence of helpful native speakers, (3) the experience of failing in activities and the awareness of failures, (4) a change in the attitude towards failure, (5) successful experiences, (6) a positive perception of one's own Japanese ability, (7) recognition of the difficulty of a task, and (8) an awareness of effective task completion methods. Additionally, five positive changes could be seen in the awareness of the learners after the interviews, and we considered the possibility that those changes could lead to favorable results in future interactions.</p>

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