Latest Trends in Nationwide Language Consciousness of Regional Dialects and Common Language Usage in Japan: Analysis of a 2015 Web Survey of 10,000 Participants

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  • 1万人調査からみた最新の方言・共通語意識 : 「2015年全国方言意識Web調査」の報告
  • 1マンニン チョウサ カラ ミタ サイシン ノ ホウゲン ・ キョウツウゴ イシキ : 「 2015ネン ゼンコク ホウゲン イシキ Web チョウサ 」 ノ ホウコク

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国立国語研究所 時空間変異研究系

Nihon University

Nihon University

The Institute of Statistical Mathematics

Department of Language Change and Variation, NINJAL


This paper is based on a web survey conducted in August 2015. The data was collected from over ten thousand people above the age of twenty living in Japan. This paper summarizes the results of this survey, emphasizing on the most recent consciousness of regional dialects and common language usage, and proposes a regional grouping based on the analysis of the data.The "regional dialects and common language consciousness" part of the survey included six questions: "Do you think your hometown has a dialect?" "Do you like the dialect of your hometown?" "Do you like the common language?" "Do you use both a regional dialect as well as the common language in daily life?" "What is the proportion of use of common language in your daily life, in relation to your native dialect?" "How often do you use your native dialect when speaking with someone in your family/from the same region/from elsewhere?" The results were analyzed by focusing on the subjects' birthplace, age, and whether or not they lived in the region of their birth. The answers to the aforementioned six questions were hence grouped into seven types based on 12 regions: (1) Tokyo metropolitan area and Hokkaido; (2) northeastern Japan or the Tohoku region; (3) northern Kanto, Koshin'etsu, and Tokai (both subregions of central Japan); (4) Kinki, Chugoku; (5) Kyushu; (6) Hokuriku, Shikoku; (7) Okinawa. A more detailed regional classification of the results in nine groups is as follows: (1) Tokyo metropolitan area and Hokkaido; (2) northeastern Japan or the Tohoku region; (3) northern Kanto; (4) Koshin'etsu; (5) Tokai; (6) Kinki and Chugoku; (7) Kyushu; (8) Hokuriku and Shikoku; (9) Okinawa.


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