Philosophical Inquiry about Family' Death : Grief Care Seen from Viewpoint of Human Relationship


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  • 家族等の死についての哲学的考察 : 人間関係から見たグリーフケア

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In the wake of the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, the devastation felt by those who lost family members was extreme. It is of the utmost importance that support through grief care must be provided to victims of this disaster. In the present paper, I examine the concept of "grief" as a natural psychological reaction to the loss of a loved one, and "grief care," and specifically "bereavement care," as a form of support to those suffering. In the study, I first introduce the three terms from above as they are defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the question pointed out in a related newspaper article. Next, I discuss the two manners in which the issue is commonly viewed by researchers, namely, "individual factors" and "human relations." Finally, in order to form a basis of examining the issue, I consider the views of two German philosophers, Max Scheler and Edith Stein. According to Scheler, suffering brings about recognition of a higher value and entrance into a community. Stein shows two ways in which comfort can be provided for those in pain.



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