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A study of role-sharing between leaders in a simulated fire

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  • シミュレーションによる火災避難誘導員の役割分担
  • シミュレーション ニ ヨル カサイ ヒナン ユウドウイン ノ ヤクワリ ブンタ

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Abstract

In disaster-protection plans, the way of role-sharing is important. The leaders' attitudes about disaster vary, as well as those of the people who follow them. We need to consider the leaders' attitudes in our disaster-protection plans. And, we have to make up many roles to be shared by those who are good at them. In this study, a simulation was made in order to find out "What kind of leader is good at what kind of role?" In the simulation, one subject leads other people in a fire situation. Some of individuals obey the leader and others do not. The subject can share his or her role with another leader in the simulation. Before and after the simulation, the subjects must answer a questionnaire. With the results of the simulation and the questionnaire, it was found that those who obey the official leaders consider social rule more important than those who do not. So, the leadership that is always needed in disasters should be shared by those who are accustomed to obeying the official leaders in such a situation.

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