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Spatial Relationship between Public Facility Location and Commercial Agglomeration by Locational Matching Index

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  • 立地合致度指標を用いた公共施設立地の商業集積との空間的関係に関する研究

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Abstract

The establishment of the intensive urban core has been being promoted to realize compact city structures under the location normalization plan. However, there is a criticism that designation of urban core district tends not to consider current locations of urban services. This study aims to clarify the change of spatial relationship between public facility locations and commercial agglomeration by locational matching index (LMI). The results are as follows. First, public facilities with a small number of points tend to locate in intensive commercial agglomeration areas. Second, LMIs of municipalities with low LMI tend to increase. Third, new public services, child-care services/kindergartens, libraries tend to be established in commercial agglomeration area, while hospitals and post offices do not. Fourth, child-care services/kindergartens, libraries, and public services show a high contribution to increase of overall LMI.

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