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Bilateral rostral mandibulectomy for treatment of necrotic mandibular open fractures in two Japanese Black cattle

  • NAIK Mrunmayi Vishwanath
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • NISHIKAWA Goa
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • KIRINO Yumi
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • INOUE Yoshiyuki
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • IWAMOTO Kio
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
  • YAMABE Ryusei
    Chubu Branch, Kagoshima Agricultural Mutual Aid Association, 2103 Mizobe-cho, Arikawa, Kirishima, Kagoshima 899-6401, Japan
  • NAKAYAMA Toshie
    Hokubu Branch, Miyazaki Agricultural Mutual Aid Association, 17938-5 Oaza-Shinden, Shintomi, Miyazaki 899-1406, Japan
  • TSUZUKI Nao
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan Current address: Division of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada-cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan
  • HIDAKA Yuichi
    Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen Kibana-dai Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan

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Abstract

<p>Two-month-old (Case 1) and one-year-old (Case 2) Japanese Black cattle presented with bilateral rostral mandibular open fractures. At presentation, the proximal edges of each fracture were discolored and had a severe stench, indicating necrosis caused by infection. In both cases, a bilateral rostral mandibulectomy over the symphysis was performed. Although the tongues of both animals prolapsed post-surgery, they had no significant problems with eating or drinking. Case 1 showed excellent growth during fattening, and Case 2 successfully became pregnant and gave birth. Rostral mandibulectomy can be an effective surgical option for the treatment of cattle with difficulty in internal or external fixation due to unfavorable necrotic cranial mandibular open fractures.</p>

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