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Enhancing unconditional self-acceptance in people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder through autogenic training

  • Yoshida Masahiro
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Amemiya Rei
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Sakairi Yosuke
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba

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Other Title
  • 自律訓練法による注意欠如・多動症者の無条件の自己受容の向上
  • ジリツ クンレンホウ ニ ヨル チュウイ ケツジョ ・ タドウショウシャ ノ ムジョウケン ノ ジコ ジュヨウ ノ コウジョウ

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<p>Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that includes attention deficit, hyperactivity, and impulsivity as the core symptoms. Studies have reported that secondary symptoms of ADHD people include high trait anxiety, low self-esteem, and low self-acceptance. This two-part study investigated the efficacy of autogenic training (AT) for ADHD people. AT is considered to be effective for relieving anxiety, improving self-esteem, and self-acceptance. In Study 1, college students and ADHD people were compared to identify the psychological characteristics of ADHD people. In Study 2, ADHD people were randomly divided into an intervention and control group, and ADHD participants in the intervention group experienced an eight-week AT intervention. Results indicated that trait anxiety decreased significantly in the AT group. Moreover, there were improvements in self-esteem, and attention control, as well as a remarkable improvement in unconditional self-acceptance in the AT group (ηp2=.55) compared to the control. These results indicate that AT is effective for relieving anxiety, improving self-esteem and attention control, as well as promoting unconditional self-acceptance in ADHD people.</p>


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