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The psychological distance between the nurses and patients from nurses’ point of view─ Concept Analysis ─

DOI Open Access
  • Nishida Mitoi
    Depertment of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Seitoku University

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Other Title
  • 看護師からみた患者との心理的距離─概念分析─
  • 看護師からみた患者との心理的距離 : 概念分析
  • カンゴシ カラ ミタ カンジャ ト ノ シンリテキ キョリ : ガイネン ブンセキ

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Abstract

It is considered that the psychological distance between the nurses and patients influences the care for patients. The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of the concept of “the psychological distance between the nurses and patients from nurses’ point of view,” and to define this concept. After identifying 34 articles, an analysis was conducted using the Rodgers’ method of concept analysis. The analysis revealed the following characteristics of psychological distance between the nurses and patients from nurses’ point of view. The attributes were: the cognition of patients’ information, controlling emotions toward patients, awareness of their professional roles, nurses’ sense regarding degree of togetherness with patients, and the dynamic movement of the mind. The antecedents were: the physical exchanges, characteristics of nurses, and characteristics of patients. The consequences were: the emotions of patients and their family, trusting relationship between nurses and patients and their family, and nurses’ behaviors toward patients. The proposed definition of the concept was the nurses’ dynamic movement of the mind which obtained the sense of togetherness with patients, controlling their emotions, while being conscious of their professional role. It was suggested that the nurses could consciously reflect on the care for patients from the perspective of psychological distance.

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