[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

Accelerated Moisture Transport through Local Weakness of High-Strength Concrete Exposed to High Temperature

  • Iwama Keitai
    Graduate School of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan.
  • Kato Yushi
    Taisei Advanced Center of Technology, Taisei Corporation, Yokohama 245-0051, Japan.
  • Baba Shigeaki
    Taisei Advanced Center of Technology, Taisei Corporation, Yokohama 245-0051, Japan.
  • Higuchi Kazuaki
    Department of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan.
  • Maekawa Koichi
    Department of Civil Engineering, Yokohama National University, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan.

Abstract

<p>Spilling out of condensed liquid water from needle-like holes in high-strength concrete was experimentally observed under fire attack. The presence of these holes was found to prevent explosive spalling effectively in the vicinity of the holes during fire exposure tests. This spilling out occurred at about 10 to 30 minutes after the start of high temperature heating. These needle-like holes are defined herein as local weaknesses that may act as rapid paths of water permeation to reduce the risk of explosive spalling of cover concrete. The phase change of moisture from CSH solids to condensed liquid as well as free water in micro-pores was simulated by a multi-phase chemo-physics analysis of ultra-high-strength concrete. The prediction of the high-rate phenomena was experimentally proved by using embedded moisture sensor, and the high-rate discharge of condensed water though local weaknesses was analytically simulated.</p>

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