Pitfalls of Prioritizing the Decision of Concerned Parties in NIMBY Issues and How to Avoid Them: Multi-Polarization of Concerned Parties through “Who & Why Games” Regarding a High-level Radioactive Waste Storage Facility and a Nursery School

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  • NIMBY問題における「当事者が決めるべき」の陥穽とその抑制:地層処分場・保育園を場面とした「誰がなぜゲーム」における当事者の多極化


<p>Around the location of troublesome facilities in not-in-my-backyard (NYMBY) issues, there is a tendency to prioritize the rights of concerned parties, who are more negatively affected by these facilities compared with other parties—a phenomenon which has been defined as the superior legitimization of concerned parties. However, when the concerned parties are prioritized unquestioningly, the troublesome facilities remain unbuilt and the entire society becomes worse off. There could also be a decline in people’s interest toward the problem of where to build these facilities. This study implemented two types of Who & Why Game (WWG) revolving around the location of high-level radioactive waste storage facilities and nursery schools as problematic facilities. The games were structured in a way that there was a multi-polarization of concerned parties including a party who will suffer from the location of these facilities, besides another party who will be adversely affected negatively by the decision to not locate them. In such a situation, the legitimacy of concerned parties was reduced, while the legitimacy of the government or administration were increased. We discussed theoretically the process which the concerned parties were legitimized superiorly, or how this tendency was reduced, and the potential possibilities of developing WWG.</p>


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