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Research in Teaching Astronomy in Integrated Studies : Using the Ironwood Observatory in Hawaii

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  • 外国の天文台を活用した天文を題材とする総合的な学習の研究 : ハワイIronwood天文台を活用して
  • ガイコク ノ テンモンダイ オ カツヨウシタ テンモン オ ダイザイ ト スル ソウゴウテキナ ガクシュウ ノ ケンキュウ ハワイ Ironwood テンモンダイ オ カツヨウシテ

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<p>Lessons in astronomical observation have up to now been difficult to plan during the daytime, since the stars cannot actually be observed. Now, however, thanks to the creation of internet telescopes, live astronomical observations from observatories in other time zones can be made during the daytime in Japan when it is dark in these remote locations. Also, teleconferencing via the internet can now be used to hold distance learning classes with countries in other parts of the world. In this research project, we used an internet telescope and an internet teleconferencing system to conduct classes that focused on astronomy, while broadly incorporating current topics of international understanding, information, and the environment. The results show that it is possible to implement integrated studies classes in the upper grades of elementary school that teach astronomy using observatories located in other countries. We found these classes to be characterized by aspects of subjectivity through the remote operation of the telescope, immediacy through the real-time observation of celestial bodies, flexibility through freedom of how to handle the lesson, and simultaneity through the existence of a remote classroom. The use of an internet telescope in the lesson also allowed the students to interact with people from other countries, use English, think about what life is like in other countries and compare what they learned to their own environment. </p>


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