This paper focuses on Kingship of God (Königtum Gottes) and other Biblical works authored by Martin Buber in order to consider the intention and reasoning behind his criticism of Julius Wellhausen, thereby shedding light on the essence of the hermeneutics of Buber in the context of Biblical study. This paper also aims to discuss how the principle of his hermeneutics is connected with his philosophy and thought, and also with the trend of thought during his time, in a wider perspective of the history of thought. Buber finds "voice" in the origin of the Bible and addresses the "form" (Gestalt) of occurrence and tradition of the "voice." He then positions the "form" that emerges from the reading of the text at the core of his hermeneutics, or treats it as the principle of his Bible translation. In this paper, I will demonstrate that Buber based his hermeneutics on a philosophical principle that inquires into "the form of the unformed," while referring to modern German thoughts, such as Grimm's achievements in mythology and folklore, which addresses the "form" of language, and Gestalt psychology, which analyzes the "form" of recognition.
Journal of the interdisciplinary study of monotheistic religions : JISMOR 6 8-36, 2010