Monte Carlo simulation study of the high-temperature phase diagram of model C60 molecules
The constant-NVT Monte Carlo simulation is performed for model C60 molecules interacting via the Girifalco potential and a full free-energy analysis is made to predict the high-temperature phase diagram. The repulsive part of the C60 potential is very steep and the attractive part is relatively short-ranged. For such a system accurate computations of the virial pressure are difficult in simulations and it is argued that the discrepancies among the previous results for the phase diagram of C60 can partly be attributed to the uncertainties of the virial pressure involved in simulations. To avoid this difficulty we take the energy route to calculate equation of state (EOS), in which the absolute (Helmholtz) free energy is obtained by performing isochoric integration of the excess internal energy. A difficulty of the energy route in the high-temperature limit is resolved by the aid of an analytic method. The exact second and third virial coefficients are also used in the analysis of the fluid EOS. The pressure route is taken to calculate the EOS of the solid phase, in which the virial pressure is numerically more stable than in the fluid phase. The resulting high-temperature phase diagram of C60 is quite systematic and free from uncertainties, and the liquid–vapor critical point is found at Tc = 1980 K and ρc = 0.44 nm−3, whereas the triple point at Tt = 1880 and ρt = 0.74 nm−3, confirming the existence of a stable liquid phase over the range of ∼100 K.
- Journal of Chemical Physics
Journal of Chemical Physics 111 (13), 5955-5963, 1999-01-01
American Institute of Physics