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対人援助職者におけるストレス認知とレジリエンス-対人援助職者と大学生の比較

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  • Stress Awareness and Resilience of Human Service Professionals : Comparison between Human Service Professionals and University Students

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The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of stress awareness and resilience(relationship between the levels of psychological resources needed for adaption and these resources themselves)between human service professionals and university students. The study subjects were 139 human service professionals(99 welfare workers, 25 nursing professions, and 15 care workers)and 113 university students. For this study, we used the Stress Self-regulation Inventory(SSI), Miller Behavioral Style Scale(MBSS), and Japanese version of the Profile of Mood States(POMS). The SSI is a scale to assess the ability to self-regulate stress. Its adult and student versions were administered to the human service professionals and university students, respectively. The adult version comprises the following 8 factors(69 items): sense of capability, stress hypersensitivity, social support, problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, competitive achievement motive, self-satisfying achievement motive, and existential feeling. The student version, consisting of 70 items, has a similar factor structure. We analyzed 63 common items between the adult and student versions. The MBSS is a scale developed by Miller(1897)to assess the degrees of attention to(monitoring)stressful stimuli, and avoiding(being less receptive to)stress. The Japanese version of the POMS is a scale to assess the mood state, and comprises the following 6 factors: tension-anxiety(TA), depression (D), anger-hostility(AH), vigor(V), fatigue(F), and confusion(C). The factors, except V, combined can be used as a stress index. In conclusion, human service professionals have highlevel resilience, in that they maintain stress at a low level by keeping a certain distance from stressful stimuli, and take advantage of resources to cope with stress. On the other hand, it was suggested that the mental and physical vulnerability of such professionals may manifest if they lack a purpose in their lives.

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identifier:KJ00009226299

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