The refuge-seeking behavior of those who were affected by Typhoon Number 10 in 1986 was investigated through field work and a questionnaire survey which were conducted in four study areas whose natural and social conditions differed from one another. Two results were obtained by examining the facts surrounding this refuge-seeking behavior. One is that the heavier the damage in a given region, the lower the refuge ratio was. The other is that a normalcy bias was recognized in every study area. Three factors which related closely with refuge-seeking behavior could be extracted by discriminant analysis on taking refuge. These are the depth of the flood waters, the frequency of participation in training for flood fighting and the number of stories in a house. Several existing articles on refuge-seeking behavior during heavy rains were reviewed in order to examine the results obtained in this study and to generalize the characteristics of human behavior during a flood disaster.
Geographical Reports of Tokyo Metropolitan University 25 237-247, 1990
Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University