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Rural changes on the outer fringe of bucharest metropolitan area : a case study of valea dragului commune

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The present study documents rural change as reflected in the land use dynamics over the past 50 years, focusing on evolution during the past decade in Valea Dragului commune, on the outer fringe of Bucharest Metropolitan Area. In the evolution of local farming system and land use, three major periods have been identified: before communist agriculture (until 1960). during collective farm (1960-1989) and after the recent land reform (post 1991): for each period, land use was assessed based on map analysis, satellite images and data from the local land register, interviews and field surveys. Forces shaping land use are identified for each period: they belong to the political context, national and local socio-economic framework, local natural potential. Two major political shifts (1945. 1989) have had the most important impact on the rural evolution, as they directly affected national agricultural policy, landownersliip system, socio-economic conditions. Local factors played central role in the evolution after 1989, marked by land re-privatization and reconstitution of the family farms; on the backdrop of a difficult transition and low government support, declining local natural potential and human resources explain the return to traditional subsistence-oriented farming; in spite of some progress of commercial vegetable gardening, a general decline in farming intensity signals the failure to put the basis of modern private agriculture. Urgent government intervention, financial support should focus on the diversification of the local economy and modernization of agriculture, as the present situation is threatening the long-term development of the local community.

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