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A Study of Reading Comprehension in English for Science and Technology (EST): Schema Theory and Salient Linguistic Features

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  • 科学技術英文読解の一考察-スキーマ理論と言語的諸特徴-

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This study deals with reading comprehension of English for Science and Technology (EST), discussing salient linguistic features in bottom-up reading processes in Schema Theory. This study particularly discusses tense distinction in EST being different from those found in general English. EST writers, more often than not, compose their study articles, experiments, and reports using by these features. They are discussed and illustrated in manuals in Mechanical Engineering and academic articles in Civil Engineering. These features include ‘special uses of the definite article’, ‘the simple present’, ‘the simple past’, ‘the use of the passive without agents’, ‘the future tense’, ‘the present perfect’, ‘the present perfect continuous’ ‘the progressive’ and ‘the personification: anthropomorphic structure’. Some typical patterns of paragraph development in EST are also shown in this study along with examples of salient words and phrases used in the patterns. The salient features in tense distinction and paragraph developments in EST should be understood by EST learners in advance of reading texts. These features exist as linguistic componentsin bottom-up processes in Schema Theory. In so doing, the reading comprehension of EST will be much more effective and successful for EST readers.

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