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J・ロックにおける<私人>概念 : 労働による領有と関わらせて

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  • Locke’s Concept of <Private Man> : In Relation to Appropriation by Labour

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After the Discovery of Hobbese’s concept of <Private Man>, Locke suceeded and developed it in Two Treatises of Government .In his theory, <Private Man> is located in the stateof Nature which is distinguished from Hobbes’s meaning. According to him the state of Naturecan be maintained without Government even in the stage of Civilization. This is a result of thecategory of ‘approproation by labour’.In his social contract theory,the necessity of Government comes from the guard of privateproperty. The chief end of Civil Society is the preservation of Property.He also refered to the capitalist society in which the servant as a free man was a memberof Civil Society. Because the Slave can not be considered as a menmber of it. The servant isthe prototype of wage labourer. This suggests that Locke see the Civil Society can be a partof Capitalist Society on the difference between Slave Society and Modern Society. This alsoshows that Modern Society can be governed on a single principle of <Private Man>.

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