CiNii Researchの本公開について

How a Small Reef in the Kuroshio Cultivates the Ocean

この論文をさがす

抄録

type:RESEARCH LETTER

[Abstract] / Vertical nitrate fluxes associated with turbulent mixing and upwelling around a small reef in the Kuroshio are quantified by continuously deploying a turbulence microstructure profiler with an attached submersible ultraviolet nitrate analyzer while drifting from the upstream to the downstream of the reef. Flow separations and trains of Kelvin-Helmholtz billows (thickness = 60 m) are identified using a shipboard ADCP and an echo-sounder. The turbulence diffusivity associated with the vigorous turbulent mixing reaches up to O(10^−1 m^2 s^−1), resulting in strong nitrate fluxes of O(1–10^3 mmol m^−2 day^−1). In addition, large differences between the upstream and downstream density profiles suggest a strong upwelling velocity of O(10^−3 m s^−1), as well as an upwelling nitrate flux of O(10^2 mmol m^−2 day^−1) in the entire subsurface layer. /   / [Plain Language Summary] / Vertical nitrate fluxes associated with flow-topography interactions around a small reef in the Kuroshio Current are quantified using state-of-the-art oceanographic instruments. When the flow passes over a shallow sill on the flank of the reef, the velocity differences between layers intensify, resulting in a substantial vertical overturning and mixing of the water column. This turbulent mixing causes the observed nitrate flux from deep water to reach a value among the highest observed worldwide. /   / [Key Points] / • Flow separations and trains of Kelvin-Helmholtz billows mix the water column around a small reef in the Kuroshio / • Doming of isopycnals/nitraclines suggests strong upwelling in the lee of the reef / • Turbulent nitrate fluxes reach up to O(10^3 mmol m^−2 day^−1)

収録刊行物

被引用文献 (0)

もっと見る

参考文献 (0)

もっと見る

関連論文

もっと見る

関連研究データ

もっと見る

関連図書・雑誌

もっと見る

関連博士論文

もっと見る

関連プロジェクト

もっと見る

関連その他成果物

もっと見る

詳細情報

ページトップへ