- Changes of Communities and Social Security Systems in Japan (3) (Special Issue Dedicated to Professor KUMAGAI Jiro)
- ニホン ニオケル キョウドウタイ ト セイカツ ホショウ セイド ノ ヘンカ 3 クマガイ ジロウ キョウジュ タイニン キネンゴウ
This paper intends to clarify the transformation of social security systems in Japan, and social security systems in the rural areas in the TOKUGAWA era were discussed in this number. Though the rural community has been the base of security systems from ancient society, charasterics of the rural communities has been changed. Untill the end of the middle ages, the rural communities were controlled by leaders called "Myoshu". But they declined gradually around the end of the middle ages, and individual farmhouses became indipendent. These individual farmhouses connected together and made confedarations named "Ierengo", which were the new type of the rural communities. We can find the remarkable development in the field of agriculture, and some changes and development in the field of commerce and industry as the reason of this change. We can notice two types of the communities in those days, one was the confedaration of kinship and the other was the confedaration of interests such as utilation of water, gathering of wild plants, utilation of labour power in the busy seasons, and so on. Some social security systems are introduced in this number.
- 桃山学院大学経済経営論集 = ST. ANDREW'S UNIVERSITY ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS REVIEW
桃山学院大学経済経営論集 = ST. ANDREW'S UNIVERSITY ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS REVIEW 49 (4), 61-80, 2008-03-10