Why do learners feel it is difficult to listen to television news reports? To answer this question, I analyzed the vocabulary from 361 news reports. As a result of comparing the news vocabulary with the “Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT)” vocabulary list, this analysis revealed that the news reports contain many words (especially proper nouns) which are not in the JLPT vocabulary list. After I used “Bunrui Goi Hyou (Word List by Semantic Principles)” to check those words, it revealed that they are classified in the following semantic groups: ’15 Action’, ‘30 Spirit’, ‘16 Time’, and ‘46 Members’. They are equivalent to the main news information, “When / Where / Who / What”. Based on these results, I propose what types of words are necessary for the advanced learners.
横浜国立大学留学生センター教育研究論集 17 65-82, 2010-03