Characteristics of Adjectives in Japanese Language Proficiency Tests
Analyzing adjectives in the official questions on N1-3 of Japanese Language Proficiency Tests (JLPT), it was found that the most of them in frequent use are in beginner level. The 3 adjectives in the most frequent use, such ii/yoi, ooi, and nai, show the following characteristics;1) Both ii and yoi are found in JLPT questions while just yoi are done in “Science Laboratory” Textbook (SLT). Yoi was found just in questions for upper level. Meanwhile yoi is used with certain expressions for instructing student in SLT but ii and yoi are done for evaluation or judgement in JLPT.2) Ooi indicates frequency of some occasions and cases more than numbers of things in SLT. It is, however, used without restrictions in JLPT.3) Nai is used in JLPT in wider range than in SLT in which it is used for instructing students.