【7/12更新】2022年4月1日からのCiNii ArticlesのCiNii Researchへの統合について

十二世紀末高麗の「李義旼政権」に関する再検討

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  • A Study on “the regime of Yi Ui-min” in the late 12th century Goryeo

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The purpose of this study is to consider whether "the regime of Yi Ui-min" really existed or not in the late 12th century Korea (Goryeo). Yi Ui-min was a military general who was born as a slave in Gyeongju. It is commonly accepted that he ruled the Goryeo government as the 4th leader of the "Goryeo military regime" from 1184 to 1196, when Choe Chung-heon assassinated him. It is difficult, however, to prove the existence of "the regime of Yi Ui-min" due to a lack of historical materials.This study examined the following three points to reconsider the theory of "the regime of Yi Uimin." Firstly, it examined how previous studies evaluated the regime. Through this examination, we found that previous studies had already pointed out the weakness of "the regime of Yi Uimin." Secondly, it critically discussed the theoretical grounds that support the regime’s existence. As a result, it was found that there are no historical records to support the claim directly. Thirdly, it analyzed the historical records that are inconsistent with the theory. The results revealed that Du Gyeong-seung was as powerful as Yi Ui-min, and that Yi Ui-min couldn’t overwhelm him till the end.The conclusion of this study is as follows; From 1184 to 1190 Yi Ui-min was not a prominent leader in the Goryeo government. From 1190 to 1196 there were two leaders, Yi Ui-min and Du Gyeong-seung in the Goryeo government. The common theory of "the regime of Yi Ui-min" says that Yi Ui-min ruled the Goryeo government then as a dictator, although he was less powerful than other military leaders. But the theory of "the dyarchy of Yi Ui-min and Du Gyeong-seung" is closer to the actual situation than that of "the regime of Yi Ui-min." The next paper will explore the relationship between these two leaders.

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