人々の主観的な安心感に関する実証分析 : 地域社会の経済的状況とソーシャル・キャピタルの役割を中心に
- An Empirical Analysis of People's Sense of Security in life : Focusing on the Role of the Economic Status of the Community and Social Capital
Insecurity in social life is increasing among people. It has been believed that such people's subjective well-being can be secured by ensuring social safety. However, recent researches have come to argue that there are different mechanisms between ensuring social safety and people's sense of security. There is a growing need for empirical research on the social factors that determine people's sense of security.In recent years, there has been a development in research on people’s subjective well-being in life. In the study, the scores of people's subjective well-being, which is self-reported in various surveys, are estimated by using economic and social factors in order to identify policy measures that affect people’s subjective well-being in life. A series of empirical studies on happiness and life satisfaction in economics, sociology, and psychology have focused on factors such as the economic status of society, social capital, and people’s sense of control. However, there are few studies that explicitly treated people's sense of security in life as a kind of subjective well-being and analyzed it with the same approach.In this paper, we analyze the relationship between people’s sense of security in life and social-economic factors by using the micro data collected through a questionnaire survey. This analysis focuses on the people’s sense of security in local life.Because we assumed that the people’s subjective well-being in life is nurtured by their daily lives and the community environment. The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether the sense of security in local life is defined by factors such as (1) the economic status of the community and (2) social capital, and (3) the sense of control that expresses individual psychological characteristics.The results show that enhancing the sense of control, accumulating bridging and network-type social capital and reducing unemployment rate of the comm unities contribute to ensure people's sense of security in local life. Furthermore,raising the level of education is also found to be effective.
研究紀要 22 145-163, 2021-03-10