【7/12更新】2022年4月1日からのCiNii ArticlesのCiNii Researchへの統合について

Neuregulins are essential for spermatogonial proliferation and meiotic initiation in neonatal mouse testis

  • JiDong Zhang
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan.
  • Ko Eto
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan.
  • Asuka Honmyou
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan.
  • Kazuki Nakao
    Laboratory for Animal Resources and Genetic Engineering, Center for Developmental Biology (CDB), RIKEN Kobe, 2-2-1 Minatojima Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.
  • Hiroshi Kiyonari
    Laboratory for Animal Resources and Genetic Engineering, Center for Developmental Biology (CDB), RIKEN Kobe, 2-2-1 Minatojima Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.
  • Shin-ichi Abé
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan.

抄録

<jats:p>The transition from mitosis to meiosis is unique to germ cells. In murine embryonic ovaries and juvenile testes, retinoic acid (RA) induces meiosis via the stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8), but its molecular pathway requires elucidation. We present genetic evidence in vivo and in vitro that neuregulins (NRGs) are essential for the proliferation of spermatogonia and the initiation of meiosis. Tamoxifen (TAM) was injected into 14-day post-partum (dpp) Sertoli cell-specific conditional Nrg1Ser–/– mutant mice. TAM induced testis degeneration, suppressed BrdU incorporation into spermatogonia and pre-leptotene primary spermatocytes, and decreased and increased the number of STRA8-positive and TUNEL-positive cells, respectively. In testicular organ cultures from 5-6 dpp wild-type mice and cultures of their re-aggregated spermatogonia and Sertoli cells, FSH, RA [all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), AM580, 9-cis-RA] and NRG1 promoted spermatogonial proliferation and meiotic initiation. However, TAM treatment of testicular organ cultures from the Nrg1Ser–/– mutants suppressed spermatogonial proliferation and meiotic initiation that was promoted by FSH or AM580. In re-aggregated cultures of purified spermatogonia, NRG1, NRG3, ATRA and 9-cis-RA promoted their proliferation and meiotic initiation, but neither AM580 nor FSH did. In addition, FSH, RAs and NRG1 promoted Nrg1 and Nrg3 mRNA expression in Sertoli cells. These results indicate that in juvenile testes RA and FSH induced meiosis indirectly through Sertoli cells when NRG1 and NRG3 were upregulated, as NRG1 amplified itself and NRG3. The amplified NRG1 and NRG3 directly induced meiosis in spermatogonia. In addition, ATRA and 9-cis-RA activated spermatogonia directly and promoted their proliferation and eventually meiotic initiation.</jats:p>

収録刊行物

  • Development

    Development 138 (15), 3159-3168, 2011-08-01

    The Company of Biologists

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