【2022年1月締切】CiNii ArticlesへのCiNii Researchへの統合に伴う機関認証の移行確認について

【1/6更新】2022年4月1日からのCiNii ArticlesのCiNii Researchへの統合について

Effect of hypoxia on progesterone production by cultured bovine early and mid luteal cells

  • HASEGAWA Hiroki
    Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
  • NISHIMURA Ryo
    Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
  • YAMASHITA Masamichi
    Joint Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
  • YAMAGUCHI Takeshi
    Laboratory of Crop Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
  • HISHINUMA Mitsugu
    Laboratory of Theriogenology, Joint Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
  • OKUDA Kiyoshi
    Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan

抄録

<p> A major role of the corpus luteum (CL) is to produce progesterone (P4). The CL has immature vasculature shortly after ovulation, suggesting it exists under hypoxic conditions. To elucidate the mechanism involved in regulation of luteal cell function during CL development, we compared the effect of hypoxia on P4 production by cultured bovine early and mid luteal cells. Luteal cells obtained from early and mid CL were incubated under different O2 concentrations (20% and 3%) with or without hCG (1 U/ml) for 6 h and 24 h. After 6 h of culture in the presence of hCG, P4 production was not affected by hypoxia whereas decrease in its production by mid luteal cells was observed. After 24 h of culture, P4 production was significantly decreased by hypoxia in both stages of luteal cells regardless of the use of hCG. At 6 h of culture, hypoxia increased mRNA expression of hydroxyl-Δ-5-steroid dehydrogenase, 3β- and steroid Δ-isomerase 1 (HSD3B1) in early luteal cells, and decreased mRNA expression of cytochrome P450 cholesterol side chain cleavage (CYP11A1) enzyme in mid luteal cells. At 24 h of culture, mRNA expressions of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR), CYP11A1, and HSD3B1 were not affected by hypoxia in both stages of luteal cells. The overall results suggest that early luteal cells maintain P4 production under hypoxic conditions, and hypoxia-induced HSD3B1 may support this P4 production in the bovine early CL.</p>

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