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  • トロイ ノ モクバ カセツ ケンキュウ ノ イギ ト ゲンカイ
  • The meanings and the limitations of Trojan horse hypothesis (THH) studies

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1 はじめに : 本稿では、T. Reichand R. MankinやV. Pucik、G. Hemelらによるトロイの木馬仮説(Trojan Horse Hypothesis: THH)研究の特徴と問題点について論じる。とくに、THH研究における企業の合弁行動にたいする見方について検討する。また、このTHH研究とは対照的な見方を提示したCooperative Specialization(CS)にかんする研究や、それ以外の組織間関係の諸研究についても概観する。これらをつうじてTHH研究の内容と位置づけ、そして今後の実証研究の方向性と意義を明らかにすることが、本稿の目的である。……

This paper reviews the studies on Trojan Horse Hypothesis (THH) such as Reich and Mankin (1986), Pucik (1988a), Pucik (1988b), Hamel (1991) and Hamel et al. (1989) which stated that Japanese-Western joint ventures (JVs) that are used by Japanese firms to internalize the knowledge of their Western partners. These studies also stated that once the knowledge absorption is complete, Japan csc firms terminate the JVs. THH proponents argue that Japanese firms are better learners compared to their Western counterparts, and taking advantage of this, the Japanese firms will persuade their Western partners to sell their JV stakes in the JVs, or will enlarge their bargaining power to increase their share of JV profits which will cause inter-partner conflicts and result in the termination of the JVs. Hence, THH studies viewed JVs involving Japanese firms as short-term oriented. This however is not consistent with the evidences obtained from other researches, such as supply chain management studies which have shown that Japanese firms tend to enter into long term partnerships. We will discuss the contribution and limitations of THH studies to prepare for our empirical study that will test whether Japanese firms behave in the manner illustrated by THH studies.


  • 経営研究

    経営研究 60 (2), 37-55, 2009-07



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