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The association between congenital heart disease and small for gestational age with regard to the prevalence and outcomes

IR

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • Congenital heart disease and small for gestational age

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the association between small for gestational age (SGA) and the prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) and the association of the SGA status with the outcomes among infants with CHD.Methods: Echocardiography was performed within the first 5 days of life in 5664 consecutive infants. Infants were classified into four groups according to the presence or absence of SGA and CHD. All CHD infants were followed up until either spontaneous resolution of all cardiac lesions, invasive intervention, or death. All newborns without CHD were followed for mortality until the final follow-up date.Results: A total of 303 infants were diagnosed with CHD, while 610 were diagnosed with SGA. Among the CHD infants, 56 were SGA, and 247 were not. A multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the adjusted odds ratio of SGA (9.71, p<0.001) was significantly higher than that of other parameters concerning predictors of invasive intervention or death. The mortality rate in the presence of both SGA and CHD (hazard ratio: 33.6, p<0.001) was markedly higher than in the absence of both.Conclusion: SGA was a significant predictor of invasive intervention for CHD. The combination of CHD and SGA carried a high risk of death beyond that of either alone.

Key Notes:・Little is known about the association between congenital heart disease (CHD) and small for gestational age (SGA) and its effect on infants’ outcomes in a large-scale study.・We evaluated the association between SGA and prevalence of CHD and the association of SGA status with outcomes among infants with CHD.・The combination of CHD and SGA carried a high risk of death beyond that of CHD or SGA alone.

Journal

Details

  • CRID
    1050008832571907712
  • NII Article ID
    120007173426
  • ISSN
    08035253
    16512227
  • Web Site
    http://hdl.handle.net/10271/00003929
  • Text Lang
    en
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • Data Source
    • IRDB
    • CiNii Articles

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