Expression of recombinant apopholasin using a baculovirus-silkworm multigene expression system and activation via dehydrocoelenterazine

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Abstract

Pholasin is a photoprotein derived from the glowing bivalve mollusk, Pholas dactylus. Even though the chemical structure of the prosthetic group (chromophore) responsible for the light emission character of the mollusk remains unknown, research has shown that the presence of dehydrocoelenterazine (DCL) increased light emission and that the dithiothreitol adduct of DCL was isolated from Pholasin®. To date, our research has been focused on activating apopholasin, the naturally occurring apoprotein of Pholasin®, using DCL. In the current study, the expression of recombinant apopholasin via a baculovirus-silkworm multigene expression system is reported. Additionally, the purification of apopholasin using a Flag®-affinity column, the activation of apopholasin using DCL, and the initiation of its luminescent character through the addition of a peroxidase-hydrogen peroxide mixture are reported. The peroxidase-H2O2-dependent luminescence was observed from the recombinant apopholasin activated with DCL.

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