Depression in a post conflict setting : A study from a highly affected area by the Nepal Civil War


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[Background and objectives] Mental health is a state of well being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to contribute to his or her community. Mental illness often attracts a lower priority than physical illness in post conflict and low and middle-income societies but the two are inextricably linked. Depression is a common condition worldwide and particularly in post conflict settings. The purpose of this research was to clarify the situation of mental illness of people in post conflect settings. [Methods] The symptoms among participants in Nepal were studied using the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), one of the most widely used instruments for measuring the severity of depression. [Results] Over half of participants met symptom criteria for depression, and among them 29 percent are suffering from severe kind of depression. The three high mean recorded items, were loss of pleasure, sadness, crying and tiredness or fatigue. [Conclusion] This study provides important evidence on the prevalence of post conflicts depression in Nepal. Further research is required to explore the findings and appropriate responses.




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