Communist Land Reform and Social Structure in Revolutionary West Fujian

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  • 福建西部革命根拠地における社会構造と土地革命
  • フッケン セイブ カクメイ コンキョチ ニ オケル シャカイ コウゾウ ト トチ カクメイ

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This article deals with the problem of how the social structure of revolutionary West Fujian affected the way in which Communist land reform was carried out. In Fujian province, powerful lineages had developed from early on, and some of them controlled large communal fields, which they rented not only to their poorer members, but also to weaker neighboring lineages.During the land reforms of 1929, Communist activists organized the poorer members of various lineages to encourage them to support the equal distribution of communal fields. In other words, the Communists took advantage of the deep social conflict that existed between powerful and weak lineages in the region to set the latter against the former. On the other hand, the Communists found it difficult to organize inside the powerful lineages with strong leaders and vested interests in local communities. Moreover, in some areas where land reform had been enforced by the Red Army from outside the community, peasants were not very eager to cut ties to their traditional lineages. As a result, it became difficult for the Communists to appeal to the class consciousness of these peasants, who preferred to follow traditional lineage norms.While it is true that Communist land reform was supported by poorer members of different lineages and by the members of weaker lineages; it was very difficult to completely eradicate lineage ties closely connected to traditional norms.

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