<Articles> Factors and Their Changes of Going-Out and Interpersonal Contact under COVID-19: From the First Emergency Declaration to the Early Stage of the Third Wave

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  • <原著論文>新型コロナ禍における外出・対人接触の規定因とその変化―第1次緊急事態宣言から第3波初期まで―
  • シンガタ コロナ カ ニ オケル ガイシュツ ・ タイジン セッショク ノ キテイイン ト ソノ ヘンカ : ダイ1ジ キンキュウ ジタイ センゲン カラ ダイ3パ ショキ マデ

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Abstract

[Abstract] The pandemic of the new coronavirus COVID-19 caused waves of infection in Japan, and in each wave, people were asked to refrain from going out and having interpersonal contacts. This paper examined what suppressed (or promoted) going out and interpersonal contact during the pandemic. The data were collected by internet survey in mid-November 2020 and recorded the situations from the first emergency declaration in April to the early stage of the third wave in November. Factors to examine were the engagement in a specific occupation, the contact possibility such as the commuting time and the personal network size, and the psychological factors such as the cultural self-concept. As a result, among the specific occupations, welfare and nursing care workers had high levels of going out and interpersonal contact during the first declaration of emergency, but the level had decreased gradually. Contrary, in the early stage of the third wave, those who worked in a restaurant without close contact with customers went out and had interpersonal contact more often. Concerning the possibility of contact, during the declaration of the first state of emergency, those who commuted by public transportation tended to go out slightly more often, and who had many friends and acquaintances tended to reduce going out. Among the psychological scales, “harmony seeking”, a subscale of the cultural self-concept scale, suppressed both going out and interpersonal contact during the declaration of the first emergency; however, the effect gradually decreased as time proceeded. “Self-expression”, another subscale, consistently suppressed both going out and interpersonal contact. Contrary, “distinctiveness of the self”, another subscale, promoted both going out and interpersonal contact in the third wave. The factors’ interpretations and longitudinal changes were discussed, and a comprehensive discussion was given in the last section.

専攻: 数理・計量社会学

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