徳島県循環器病推進計画の中での急性期脳卒中診療の取り組み

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  • トクシマケン ジュンカンキビョウ スイシン ケイカク ノ ナカ デ ノ キュウセイキ ノウソッチュウ シンリョウ ノ トリクミ
  • Implementing action for acute stroke based on Japanese National Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease in Tokushima

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Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease are the main causes of death in Japan. The leading causes of the need for long-term care in Japan are also cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease, which together account for more than one-fourth of the total. The Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease Control Act, of Japanese national law, was promulgated by a legislative act in 2018. On the basis of the Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease Control Act, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, published the Japanese National Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease (Japanese National Plan) in 2020. By the example of the Japanese National Plan, Tokushima prefecture established a cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease countermeasure promotion plan to progress cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease measures according to their own circumstances. One of the important measures of the plan is improving emergency transportation systems. Patients with intracranial large vessel occlusion strokes should be served by direct transfer to endovascular capable centers avoiding delays by misguided transfer to primary stroke centers. Considering the limited availability of endovascular capable centers, accurate identification of patients with high probability of having large vessel occlusion strokes in the prehospital setting is importance. To address this problem, we introduced prehospital scale called Field Assessment Stroke Triage for Emergency Destination (FAST-ED) on emergency transportation systems in Tokushima city.

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