Nardilysin is involved in autoimmune arthritis via the regulation of tumour necrosis factor alpha secretion


Objective: Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) plays an important role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). TNF-α is synthesised as a membrane-anchored precursor and is fully activated by a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17)-mediated ectodomain shedding. Nardilysin (NRDC) facilitates ectodomain shedding via activation of ADAM17. This study was undertaken to elucidate the role of NRDC in RA. Methods: NRDC-deficient (Nrdc–/– ) mice and macrophage-specific NRDC-deficient (NrdcdelM ) mice were examined in murine RA models, collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA) and K/BxN serum transfer arthritis (K/BxN STA). We evaluated the effect of gene deletion or silencing of Nrdc on ectodomain shedding of TNF-α in macrophages or monocytes. NRDC concentration in synovial fluid from patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA) were measured. We also examined whether local gene silencing of Nrdc ameliorated CAIA. Results: CAIA and K/BxN STA were significantly attenuated in Nrdc–/– mice and NrdcdelM mice. Gene deletion or silencing of Nrdc in macrophages or THP-1 cells resulted in the reduction of TNF-α shedding. The level of NRDC is higher in synovial fluid from RA patients compared with that from OA patients. Intra-articular injection of anti-Nrdcsmall interfering RNA ameliorated CAIA. Conclusion: These data indicate that NRDC plays crucial roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmune arthritis and could be a new therapeutic target for RA treatment.


  • RMD Open

    RMD Open 3 (1), e000436-, 2017-07-01


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