Construction of a parent-child interaction coding manual in Japan : The relation between parental evaluative feedback and self-esteem for children

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  • 親子の相互作用に関する観察評定マニュアル日本語版の作成 : 親の評価的フィードバックと子どもの自尊感情の関連から
  • オヤコ ノ ソウゴ サヨウ ニ カンスル カンサツ ヒョウテイ マニュアル ニホンゴバン ノ サクセイ : オヤ ノ ヒョウカテキ フィードバック ト コドモ ノ ジソン カンジョウ ノ カンレン カラ

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The purpose of this study was to construct a Japanese version of Kelley et al.’s (1998) evaluation criteria of observed parent-child interaction. Participants were 30 children (14 boys, 16 girls), mean age-41months, and their mother and father. Parent’s and children’s behaviors were examined while parents taught their children the block-making task. Based on the original criteria (Kelley,, 1998), we created a parent-child interaction coding manual for the Japanese researchers. Parental control attitude had 5 codes, " Intrusive control" , “Control", " Gentle Guidance " and "No Reaction " were taken from,(1998), to which we added "Take Before the task ".Parent evaluative feedback remained unchanged with 5 codes, “Positive feedback of Person" "Negative feedback of Person" "Positive feedback of Product/Action", "Negative feedback of Product/Action" and "Corrective Feedback" . Moreover, “Goal Directed “and “Teaching Style “were also rated. Child attitude assessed 5 codes, for “Change Task”,” Verbal Negative” ” Positive Affect” ” Verbal Positive ” and ”Persistence”. Also, this study reexamined the relationship between parental control / evaluative feedback and children’s self-esteem after one year using survey data. Results showed that “Parental positive feedback of Product/Action” predicted children’s highly self-esteem.


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