Alzheimer Aβ Assemblies Accumulate in Excitatory Neurons upon Proteasome Inhibition and Kill Nearby NAKα3 Neurons by Secretion

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Other Title
  • Alzheimer Abeta assemblies accumulate in excitatory neurons upon proteasome inhibition andkill nearby NAKalpha3 neurons by secretion

Abstract

We identified ∼30-mer amyloid-β protein (Aβ) assemblies, termed amylospheroids, from brains of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) as toxic entities responsible for neurodegeneration and showed that Na+, K+-ATPase α3 (NAKα3) is the sole target of amylospheroid-mediated neurodegeneration. However, it remains unclear where in neurons amylospheroids form and how they reach their targets to induce neurodegeneration. Here, we present an in vitro culture system designed to chronologically follow amylospheroid formation in mature neurons expressing amyloid precursor protein bearing early-onset AD mutations. Amylospheroids were found to accumulate mainly in the trans-Golgi network of excitatory neurons and were initially transported in axons. Proteasome inhibition dramatically increased amylospheroid amounts in trans-Golgi by increasing Aβ levels and induced dendritic transport. Amylospheroids were secreted and caused the degeneration of adjacent NAKα3-expressing neurons. Interestingly, the ASPD-producing neurons later died non-apoptotically. Our findings demonstrate a link between ASPD levels and proteasome function, which may have important implications for AD pathophysiology.

Journal

  • iScience

    iScience 13 452-477, 2019-03-29

    Elsevier BV

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