A study on health of the elderly and the state of social capital in a large-scale disaster : a case study of Mashiki Town P area in Kumamoto Earthquake

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  • 大規模災害における高齢者の健康とソーシャル・キャピタルのあり方に関する研究 : 熊本地震における益城町P地区を事例として
  • ダイキボ サイガイ ニ オケル コウレイシャ ノ ケンコウ ト ソーシャル ・ キャピタル ノ アリカタ ニ カンスル ケンキュウ : クマモト ジシン ニ オケル マシキマチ P チク オ ジレイ ト シテ

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This study examines how the social capital (SC) existing in the area contributed to the health of the residents (Especially the elderly) with respect to the health damage caused by a large-scale disaster. We conducted fieldwork in the P district of Mashiki Town, Kamimashiki District, Kumamoto Prefecture, where the Kumamoto Earthquake caused a great deal of damage, and conducted a group interview with the Mutual support Circle members made by the affected elderly people. As a result of the analysis, the following six points were arranged. (1) Health condition deteriorates after the disaster, (2) Mutual support based on the SC foundation immediately after the disaster, (3) District activities and "Miyagomori" that became the foundation of SC, (4) Group activities that develop into high-quality SC, (5) A virtuous cycle created by an inclusive and free atmosphere, (6) Connecting group profits to local profits. In the P area, a high-quality SC was created and developed by the "SC foundation". Although the health condition of the elderly had declined temporarily, a virtuous cycle was revealed in which active mutual support activities were carried out, complemented by the mental stability and purpose of life produced by high-quality SC.



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